Food Security & Livelihoods

Food shortages, post Independence, was one of the challenges we immediately attempted to address in 1969. For this, irrigation infrastructure creation, a fundamental requirement for development of agriculture and the recommended approach of national policy, was encouraged. Simultaneously, farmers known as “The Small and Marginal” farmer received agricultural extension in the form of access to leading technological innovations (crop management practices – seeds, farm mechanization, fertilizers, pesticides, credit, market linkages etc). Extensions in allied activities (livestock – poultry, rearing of small ruminants (goat and sheep), cattle, fisheries) too were supported. While, this technical support included capacity building and demonstrations, institution building in agriculture too has been supported since the 1960’s with farmers clubs and cooperatives identified as mediums of technology transfer.

Designed to tap their immense potential to contribute to national goals, the small and marginal farmer continues to receive our support. While, documented farmers benefitted are placed at a modest 1,00,000 (small and marginal), there are still many uncovered and requiring support. However, now the social, economic, political and environmental issues governing the “small and marginal farmer” and the agriculture he depends on has become complex, with risk reduction across the supply chain gaining prominence.

Supporting us in strengthening their livelihoods were agencies like Christian Aid, Lutheran World Relief (LWR), Centre for World Solidarity (CWS), Misereor, Oxfam, Caritas Internationalis, Swiss Development Corporation (SDC) etc. More recently we are supported by the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust (SDTT), Sir Ratan Tata Trust (SRTDD), NABARD, IKEA, IDH, BALCO, BILT and Monsanto etc. Coordination and convergence with the institutional mechanism created under the Ministry of Agriculture is a continuous process with efforts being made.

              

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Better Cotton Initiative in India

Cotton is one of the most important fiber and cash crop of India and plays a dominant role in the industrial and agricultural economy of the country. Cotton in India provides direct livelihood to 6 million farmers and about 40 -50 million people are employed in cotton trade and its processing. Indian cotton production is heavily associated with the intensive use of hazardous pesticides.

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A Safe Water and Sanitation Programme for Schoolchildren in Manipur and Tripura

Diarrhoeal diseases account for as much as 40% of serious pediatric health problems that amount to a staggering 300 million cases in the country every … Continue reading

Adapting local pasturelands to changing climates

Adapting local pasturelands to changing climates

Pasturelands are an important component of livelihood systems in semi arid regions of Rajasthan. Livestock based livelihoods meet subsistence requirements and contribute to income generation. … Continue reading

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Adapting To Changing Climates

Climate variability including extreme events is increasing vulnerability across sectors. By adapting to such changes, the risk faced by poor and marginalized communities is being … Continue reading

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Adapting to Changing Climates

Climate variability including extreme events is increasing vulnerability across sectors. By adapting to such changes, the risk faced by poor and marginalized communities can be … Continue reading

Adapting to Changing Climates

Adapting to Changing Climates

A change in natural climate variability, including extreme events – manifestations of climate change – is increasing vulnerabilities across sectors. By adapting to such changes, … Continue reading

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Adapting to climate change in drylands – a community based research initiative

That climates are changing have been accepted as a non-negotiable reality. The more recent manifestations of these changes have been in increased variability’s in key climatic variables. Known as extreme weather events they are bound to…

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Adapting to climate change in drylands

Adapting to climate change in drylands – a community based research initiative

Nearly 300 million people inhabiting the dryland regions of India are dependant on agriculture for livelihoods. Many of the poor and resource dependent communities in … Continue reading

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Advocating Better WASH Practices

While, issues being taken up under Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) are evolving with time; we are consistently working with communities to ensure that better … Continue reading

Advocating the cause of Participatory Monitoring of Groundwater

Advocating the cause of Participatory Monitoring of Groundwater

Groundwater is the single most important resource in the country. Meeting the demand of water for drinking and irrigation, its sustainability is increasingly being affected … Continue reading

Application of Groundwater Prospecting Maps

The Groundwater Prospecting Maps (GWP) were developed under the Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Project by the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) in Hyderabad with … Continue reading

Assessing Geo-Hydrological characteristics for preparation of groundwater management plans

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is an optimum management tool for ensuring optimal use of natural resources for sustainable development. Due to the water intensive nature … Continue reading

Sustainable Agriculture Sustainable Livelihoods

Sustainable Agriculture: Sustainable Livelihoods

The unscientific application of fertilizers and pesticides compromises the sustainability of agriculture. Further, smaller scales of production, characteristic of small and marginal farmers, creates an … Continue reading

Backward Regions Grant Fund (BRGF)

The Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF) is an effort to bridge the development divide through decentralization of planning processes. Participatory in nature, local communities and … Continue reading

Biogas Technology

Conventional methods of cooking add tremendous pressure on natural resources with recurring demand for dry vegetative matter as fuel. In addition to that waste generated … Continue reading

Budgeting water to plan for secure future of drinking water

Manighatta Mitta is a small habitation located peripherally to M.Gollahalli village. It has 900 inhabitants. There are three bore-wells in this habitation to meet the … Continue reading

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Building Capacities of institutional mechanisms under Watershed Development Programmes

Capacity building of the institutional mechanism plays a critical role in execution of government programmes. There is a need to build the capacities of multiple stakeholders on processes involved in participatory management of watershed…

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Cadre Building for NRM: A training course

The management of natural resources requires a skilful blend of physical components, socio-economic practices, and proper linkages among Governmental and non-Governmental agencies in order that … Continue reading

Climate (of) Change

The first references to the impacts of climate change on agriculture were documented in the 1980’s. However, a dedicated commitment to addressing vulnerabilities associated with … Continue reading

Climate Proofing - a Watershed

“Climate Proofing – a Watershed”

The Rajasthan State Action Plan on Climate Change (RSAPCC) mentions a significant warming and a change in natural climate variability, especially in rainfall. While, there … Continue reading

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“CLIMATE PROOFING”- ANJENI WATERSHED”

Climate change is the greatest global challenge facing us today which through a multitude of impacts poses a risk to our ecology, economy and society. … Continue reading

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“Climate Proofing”- Anjeni Watershed”

Climate change is the greatest global challenge facing us today which through a multitude of impacts poses a risk to our ecology, economy and society. Observation shows that changes being experienced in the climate of Rajasthan are over and above the natural climate variability prevailing in the region…

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Community Experiences in NRM

The Community-based Human and Natural Resources Development (CBHNRD) Programme in Karnataka funded by EZE and implemented by AFPRO is on in 20 villages where the … Continue reading

Concurrent Evaluation of Nirmal Gram Puruskar (NGP)

Nirmal Gram Puruskar’s (NGP) have for long been associated with recognition of substantial strides made in sanitation and hygiene practices. They have served as drivers, … Continue reading

SECURE DRINKING WATER

Securing Drinking Water

Access to adequate and ‘Safe’ drinking water has been accorded highest priority in India’s National Water Policy. However, millions continue to be deprived of basic … Continue reading

Contributing to building Resilience to Climate Change and Assessment of Vulnerability to Climate Change in a Semi Arid region – Water and Climate Resilience Program (WACREP)

Climate Change manifests itself through a change in the nature of extreme weather events experienced by a region. With Action Plans on Climate Change prepared … Continue reading

Contributing to development of land and water resources

Contributing to development of land and water resources: Devpimpalgaon’s model watershed

Acknowledging that groundwater development needs to be supported simultaneously by water conservation measures and that rapid expansion of groundwater would compromise resource sustainability, a unique … Continue reading

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Contributing To Interregional Cooperation

An approach to encourage inter regional cooperation is the transfer of technologies. Cost effective technological solutions are contributing to improvement in livelihoods in particular and … Continue reading

Contributing to the Monitoring, Evaluation, Learning and Documentation (MELD) Programme

Contributing to the Monitoring, Evaluation, Learning and Documentation (MELD) Programme

Watershed Programmes have evolved in India, since its inception in the 1970’s. The evolution is in terms of the scope of the programme and approaches … Continue reading

Converging with a local loan scheme to build a sanitation facility

Mrs. Surekha Suresh Rathod belongs to Ghatana village located some 30 kilometers from Yavatmal. While working with women like her in this village, the need … Continue reading

Creating an enabling environment for achievement of drinking water security

Access to drinking water is a fundamental human right. There are national guidelines which stipulate standards, both in terms of minimum quality and quantity of … Continue reading

Creating water assets for tribal families

Creating water assets for tribal families

The National Water Policy, and Article 24 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (ratified by the Government of India) accord high priority … Continue reading

Cultivating Herbal Plants as an Alternate Source of Livelihood

Bolangir is among the most underdeveloped districts of Orissa, characterized by recurrent droughts and crop failures. AFPRO conceived of a project to develop a simple, … Continue reading

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Decentralizing Governance

Various institutions have been created under the Panchayati Raj to expedite processes of development. Capacity building is an important approach to enable them to deliver … Continue reading

Decentralizing governance through financial strengthening of WUA

Govta WUA is the largest WUA that we have been working with. The command area of the reservoir covers 17 villages, with the reservoir itself … Continue reading

Development of Village Commons Owned by Dalit Communities

Common Lands, conventionally classified as wastelands, are historically neglected classes of land due to their limited capabilities to generate revenue. In the recent past encroachments … Continue reading

Drinking Water Security

Although, national level policy documents envision administrative units at the lowest rung being able to internally meet their requirement of water, the gap between demand … Continue reading

Drought Relief in Chhattisgarh

Large sections of the population of the newly formed State of Chhattisgarh depend on the rain to grow crops. This is especially true for the … Continue reading

Enabling better management

In recent times, we have noted that many land-based interventions take the landless, among the outermost fringes of the rural earning groups, only minimally into … Continue reading

Enabling Decentralized Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Jalswarajya and Aaple Pani

Enabling Decentralized Rural Water Supply and Sanitation: Jalswarajya and Aaple Pani

Maharashtra is the first state in the country to launch a major initiative of a state-wide policy for reforming Water Supply and Sanitation Sector in … Continue reading

Ensuring Food Security through Community Participation in Maharashtra, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh

The vision of the National Food Security Act is governed by the objective to ensure that every individual has access to predefined minimum quantities of … Continue reading

Watershed Management

Evolution of the Watershed Approach

Inherent land use capabilities are compromised due to human practices such as intensive utilization of land, absence of land management practices and shifting cultivation. They … Continue reading

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Food Security & Livelihoods

So goes the saying ‘Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him … Continue reading

Ground Water Level Increased

One farmer Mr. Ram Singh from Ajenivillage is having a dug well constructed few years back. But since then he never got enough water in … Continue reading

Growing Environmental Consciousness (1980 – 1989)

  In the 1980’s, it was a growing concern to conserve land and water resources which held our attention. Resource conservation efforts were initiated in … Continue reading

Having complied with BCI Minimum Production Criteria

Cotton picking in progress Ahmad Hassan is one of the 35 cotton farmers that form Learning Group (LG) No. 40 from Sindavadar village, Gujarat. Partners … Continue reading

Hilly & Tribal

Bringing potable water closer to homes Kangthokhao village, in Thoubal district of Manipur has 500 households, a huge number till 20 years ago. They used … Continue reading

Hydrogeological Investigation of the Nyoil river basin

Groundwater development has rapidly expanded in the six decades since independence meeting the drinking and irrigation requirements, especially of the rural population. However, the hydro-geological … Continue reading

Securing Livelihoods

Securing Livelihoods: Extension in agriculture and allied activities

Solitary economic activities of small and marginal farmers are characterized by low productivities, attributed to amongst others, inadequate management of natural resources. However, agricultural extension … Continue reading

Integrated approach for delineating potential zones to explore for groundwater in the Seethanagaram Mandal of Vizianagaram District, Andhra Pradesh, India

Hydrogeomorphological, hydrogeological and geophysical investigations were carried out in the Seethanagaram Mandal of Vizianagaram district, Andhra Pradesh to delineate the potential zones for groundwater exploration. … Continue reading

Rice – Fish – Horticulture generating additional income:

Mr. Sashi is a small farmer who would put his land only to the cultivation of rice. Cultivation of a single crop and the income … Continue reading

Integrated Livelihoods

With available land resources constant, the economic viability of agriculture increasingly being questioned, populations projected to increase and demands for diversion of agricultural land to … Continue reading

Integrated Pest Management

Environmentally as well as economically, overusing chemical pesticides has proved to be unaffordable. Farmers face mounting debts in the form of increased input costs and … Continue reading

Integrated Rural Development Programme for the North-East

The seven states of North Eastern India are similar in terms of development challenges faced. EZE-EED has been supporting small NGOs to start various projects … Continue reading

Creating Wealth from Waste: A success story where Biogas was generated from Dairy waste

Solanki Vajangbhai Maldebhai runs a small milk processing plant in Junagadh district of Gujarat buying and processing about 200 liters of milk daily. The processing … Continue reading

Keeping pace

Keeping Pace with an Evolving Watershed Approach

Watersheds as an approach to planning land and water resources have been in existence for a good couple of decades. With its evolving scope, our … Continue reading

Leading the Way towards Natural Pest Control: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) & its success

Integrated Pest Management Leading the Way towards Natural Pest Control: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) & its success Since, approximately one-third of the world’s harvest is … Continue reading

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Live Better with the Flood

The green revolution in wheat and rice, white revolution in milk, yellow revolution in oilseed and the “blue revolution” in fisheries have augmented the food basket of the country. But many technological challenges remain. First, despite the shrinking share (23%) of the agricultural sector in the economy, the majority of the labour force (nearly 60%) continues to depend on agriculture…

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Livelihood Support for Coastal Orissa

The super cyclone that struck coastal Orissa on 29th-30th October 1999 and the floods following it necessitated relief measures on an emergency basis – timely … Continue reading

Monitoring & streamlining convergence of NREGA with other ongoing schemes

NREGS Act is a time bound employment guarantee scheme whereby adult members of rural household willing to do public related unskilled manual work at the … Continue reading

Improving quality of life through support to Water, Sanitation and Livelihoods

Access to ‘Safe’ Drinking Water and Sanitation also plays an important role in improving quality of lives. Even though National Rural Drinking Water Security Programme … Continue reading

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Promotion of the Deenbandhu Biogas model: Experiences from the National Project on Biogas Development

The National Project on Biogas Development has been one of the most prominent renewable energy programmes in India. Introduced in 1981/82, the programme has made significant contributions in terms of providing clean and convenient cooking fuel and fertilizer for rural families…

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Natural Assets: A Sustainable Approach

Scientifically planning the utilization of natural resources, while taking due consideration of traditional practices is not only improving livelihoods, but ensuring sustainability of the resource … Continue reading

Optimising Water Use through Appropriate Distribution

Community water distribution from a single overhead storage reservoir (OHSR) faces the problem of vandalism on the distribution side, with acute consequences in areas where … Continue reading

Planning cropping patterns based on participatory monitoring of groundwater

10 acres of land and a dug well of 32 feet are two assets that Raju Uttamrao Eche can be pride of.. While 7 acres … Continue reading

Poly Culture Technology – Raising temperatures amongst the cold winters

Generally perceived to be boom, water, for Mr. Bolin Bora, a resident of Bahokita village, Bordoloni block, Dhemaji district, Assam, is a sign of potential … Continue reading

Preparing Model Livelihood Action plan under Watershed Plus approach

Livelihood Security for 600 million farmers is recognized as a National Goal. While, there are numerous approaches, the approach which is relied upon heavily, especially, … Continue reading

Program Executive – MIS & Documentation

Positions:  Program Executive – MIS & Documentation No of openings: 1 Location:  Ahmednagar, Maharashtra Last Date:  8th October,  2018 Action for Food Production (AFPRO) is … Continue reading

Project Manager – Aurangabad , Maharashtra

Positions: Project Manager No of openings: 1 Location: Aurangabad , Maharashtra Last Date: 8th October, 2018 Action for Food Production (AFPRO) is an Indian socio-technical … Continue reading

Promoting better management practices in cotton through Integrated Pest Management

Mr Kirit Meraj Patel has for the past 25 years been cultivating cotton in 10 acres of land, located in Dudapur village, Dhrangadhra block, Gujarat. … Continue reading

Promoting Diversion based Irrigation Systems (DBIS) in rainfed areas

Promoting Diversion based Irrigation Systems (DBIS) in rainfed areas

2000 acres brought under Protective Irrigation The Millennium Development Goalsaccord high priority to poverty and hunger through proportionate reduction in people living Below the Poverty … Continue reading

Promoting Household Lighting in a Remote Tribal Village, Udaipur district, Rajasthan

Geographically located within the tropical and sub tropical latitudes, India has an abundant potential to develop solar energy, a source renewable in nature. Supporting the … Continue reading

Promoting Joint Management of Forests in Andhra Pradesh

The practice of joint forest management through forest protection committees – Van Samrakshana Samitis (VSS), as they are called in Andhra Pradesh, faced some practical … Continue reading

Promoting Low Cost Protective Irrigation in Rainfed Agricultural Systems

345 tribal (Khasi) inhabitants of Ummong Village of Umsning Block in Ri-Bhoi District, Meghalaya were unable to exercise freedom to select, especially in terms of … Continue reading

propogating renewable energy

Propagating Renewable Energy

Environmental hazards associated with conventional sources of energy have long drawn attention to the need to develop renewable sources of energy. Our illustrious work on … Continue reading

The Innovation of a “Revolving Fund”

Borkhad is located in Marathwada, Beed district. Few poor landless families had encroached on 54 ha of village grazing land, which was regularized by the … Continue reading

Rainwater Harvesting

One of the main challenges rainfed areas face is the erratic nature of rainfall. Sudden burst of rainfall, in the absence of appropriate land management … Continue reading

Raising Beds to cultivate in water logged areas

Well aware of the short comings of his land, Mr Gulok Mandal of Dharampur knows that cultivating crops in soil with high moisture (water logged) … Continue reading

Raising kitchen gardens helps improve nutritional requirements of family

R Neelamma and her family of 4, reside in Dasappapalem Village of Ananthapur District in Andhra Pradesh. She owns 2 acres of land, in which … Continue reading

Reaching out to the resource constrained through the power of water

Incorporating fundamental principles of Environmental Management several industrial units take initiatives to treat their waste water. In Effluent Treatment plants considerable precaution is needed while … Continue reading

Reducing vulnerability in agrarian distressed regions of Maharashtra

Reducing vulnerability in agrarian distressed regions of Maharashtra

The Vidharbha region of Maharashtra, distributed across 11 districts (Yavatmal, Akola, Amravati, Wardha, Buldhana, Washim, Nagpur, Chandrapur, Bhandara, Gadchiroli and Gondia), is known to face … Continue reading

Reform in Governance & Emergence of Market Oriented Globalization (1990 – 1999)

In the 1990’s, sustainable agriculture took centre stage with an emphasis on promotion of simplest forms of agriculture and livestock husbandry. This includes support to … Continue reading

Regional Manager – Gwalior

Position – Regional Manager Opening – 1 Location: Gwalior Last Date: July 30, 2018   Action for Food Production (AFPRO) is an Indian socio-technical non-governmental … Continue reading

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Renewable Energy

A multitude of technological solutions are being introduced to mitigate the effects of high carbon emission practices. Training para professionals from amongst the local communities … Continue reading

Restoring Groundwater potentials through Roof top Rainwater harvesting in a Government school.

Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting, Kallinakkanahalli village Monsanto India Mega Breeding Station is located in Kallinakkanahalli village, Thondebhavi Hobli, Gowribidanur Taluk, Chickkaballapur district. The villages around the … Continue reading

Run-off controlled

Continuous Contour trenches The main approach road to Anjeni is in the middle of the village. One side of the road is upper ridge and … Continue reading

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Securing Food

Among small and marginal farmers, livelihood enhancement strategies are effective in addressing food security. This is being achieved by systematizing agricultural production systems and relevantly … Continue reading

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Securing Water For Food

Both access to and optimum utilization of water in rainfed areas is bringing considerable economic relief to single crop dependent farmer; with improvements in production … Continue reading

Water & Sanitation

Securing Water for Food

Abundant or scarce, water drives livelihoods of millions of communities. Access to water and water stresses at critical periods of crop growth impact production; and … Continue reading

Specialist / Sr. Specialist – NRM

Position- – Specialist /Sr Specialist-NRM No. of Openings: 2 Location – AHO, New Delhi Last Date: 15th May 2019 AFPRO having its Head Office in … Continue reading

STRENGTHENING INHERENT CAPACITIES OF NATURAL RESOURCES

Addressing Degradation: An Integrated Approach

Inherent land use capabilities are compromised due to human practices (intense utilization of land, absence of land management practices, unscientific application of fertilizers and pesticides); … Continue reading

Strengthening livelihoods through conservation and restoration of natural resource

Strengthening livelihoods through conservation and restoration of natural resource bases – Surnarwadi Watershed

As per the National Rainfed Authority of India (NRAA), rainfed areas account for 55% of the total geographical area. In the state of Maharashtra, these … Continue reading

Strengthening Livelihoods through Development of Water Resources

Strengthening Livelihoods through Development of Water Resources

According to Economic and Human Development Indicators for the state of Chhattisgarh, over 12 million people have been categorized as poor. Supporting the state in … Continue reading

Strengthening Non Farm based Livelihoods Skill & Enterprise Development

Strengthening Non Farm based Livelihoods: Skill & Enterprise Development

Risk of the small and marginal farmer, amongst others, can also be attributed to a dependence on a single crop. Diversification through Non Farm based … Continue reading

Striving Towards a Swatch Bharat

Striving towards a ‘Swatch Bharat’

While, a lag in achievement of Millennium Development Goals with regard to water and sanitation is well established, scope for improvement is immense. Our approaches … Continue reading

Study on Restoration of Dying Lakes

Study on Restoration of Dying Lakes

Surface water in India is broadly grouped in what is known as wetlands. Lakes although a small component of wetlands in the country, occupy approximately … Continue reading

Studying Socio-Economic Condition of Inhabitants of the Wakal River Basin

Wakal river basin in Rajasthan has been selected by GLOWS as one of the three river basins i.e. Pastazain Peru, Wakal in India, and Mara … Continue reading

Supporting Corporates in developing Livelihoods through Natural Resource Management

The Companies Act 2013 assigns an additional role to Corporates – bridging the development divide in India – through the mandatory provision of Corporate Social … Continue reading

Water and Sanitation Slider

Empowering Communities by creating access to safe drinking water and sanitation

An estimated 37.7 million Indians are affected by waterborne diseases annually and 1.5 million children die of diarrhea, creating an immense need to provide access … Continue reading

 

Food Security & Livelihoods Programmes

Adapting To Changing Climates

Adapting To Changing Climates

Climate variability including extreme events is increasing vulnerability across sectors. By adapting to such changes, the risk faced by poor and marginalized communities is being … Continue reading

Adapting to Changing Climates

Adapting to Changing Climates

Climate variability including extreme events is increasing vulnerability across sectors. By adapting to such changes, the risk faced by poor and marginalized communities can be … Continue reading

Adapting to Changing Climates

Adapting to Changing Climates

A change in natural climate variability, including extreme events – manifestations of climate change – is increasing vulnerabilities across sectors. By adapting to such changes, … Continue reading

Advocating the cause of Participatory Monitoring of Groundwater

Advocating the cause of Participatory Monitoring of Groundwater

Groundwater is the single most important resource in the country. Meeting the demand of water for drinking and irrigation, its sustainability is increasingly being affected … Continue reading