Poly Culture Technology – Raising temperatures amongst the cold winters

Generally perceived to be boom, water, for Mr. Bolin Bora, a resident of Bahokita village, Bordoloni block, Dhemaji district, Assam, is a sign of potential trouble. Farming is the only livelihood option for him. He cultivates winter rice locally known as Boro Rice, which is sown in the cold winter months of November-December and harvested by early spring (May/June). However, the annual cycle of floods in his low lying village prevent him from reaping a safe harvest. … Continue reading

Raising Beds to cultivate in water logged areas

Well aware of the short comings of his land, Mr Gulok Mandal of Dharampur knows that cultivating crops in soil with high moisture (water logged) can weaken young samplings and affect overall productivity. Further, the practice of late sowing is associated with water shortages in the summer season and late harvests. Crops cultivated under such conditions also fetch prices below the market average, resulting in lower incomes earned. … Continue reading

Promoting Low Cost Protective Irrigation in Rainfed Agricultural Systems

345 tribal (Khasi) inhabitants of Ummong Village of Umsning Block in Ri-Bhoi District, Meghalaya were unable to exercise freedom to select, especially in terms of the kind of crops they could cultivate, only because of the restricted irrigation facilities in their village. With agriculture being the main source of livelihood for these villagers, growing only paddy in one season was impacting their livelihood capacities. … Continue reading

Promoting better management practices in cotton through Integrated Pest Management

Mr Kirit Meraj Patel has for the past 25 years been cultivating cotton in 10 acres of land, located in Dudapur village, Dhrangadhra block, Gujarat. His crop is susceptible to the attack of varied types of pests such as sucking and larval pests, beetles and mealy bug infestation. A remedial measure actively adopted by famers like him has been the use of pesticides like Acetamiprid,Monocrotophos, Buprofezin among others. Although objectives of crop protection from pests are met by the use of these chemicals, the social and environmental hazards associated with such processes are increasingly becoming evident. Increasing toxicity of pesticide … Continue reading

Having complied with BCI Minimum Production Criteria

Cotton picking in progress Ahmad Hassan is one of the 35 cotton farmers that form Learning Group (LG) No. 40 from Sindavadar village, Gujarat. Partners in the adoption of poor practices in cotton cultivation; they all held belief systems that, greater inputs culminate in greater outputs. Realizations that such practices were detrimental to the environment and an unnecessary expenditure were either non existent or abysmally low. Ambiguity with project objectives and benefits which they stood to accrue were part and parcel … Continue reading

Community Experiences in NRM

The Community-based Human and Natural Resources Development (CBHNRD) Programme in Karnataka funded by EZE and implemented by AFPRO is on in 20 villages where the project is being implemented jointly with 9 local partners. Here are a few glimpses from the areas. The physical components for soil and water conservation, including bunding, gully plugs, check dams and essential repairs have brought water and hope to all the villages. A highlight of the programme is the thrust given to indigenous methods of bunding and water conservation rather than capital-intensive structures. Only 4 check dams have been constructed, with cost effective budgets. … Continue reading

Towards Improved Agriculture

Sloping Agricultural Land Technology (SALT) optimizes land use to grow not just food crops but horticultural produce and forests as well. It thus enhances income levels as well as food and fodder availability within the community. More than 1000 persons have participated in the SALT-related training events and demonstrations organized by AFPRO during the year of reporting. … Continue reading

Integrated Rural Development Programme for the North-East

The seven states of North Eastern India are similar in terms of development challenges faced. EZE-EED has been supporting small NGOs to start various projects under AFPRO’s overall coordination since 1982. Package Programme VI, the latest running project, went through an assessment in 2000 to see the impact of such initiatives given the macro situation for the North Eastern states. … Continue reading

Livelihood Support for Coastal Orissa

The super cyclone that struck coastal Orissa on 29th-30th October 1999 and the floods following it necessitated relief measures on an emergency basis – timely support that helped people to survive in those critical days. When things settled down, however, many were left without any means of livelihood. The poor in general – small and marginal farmers and fisher folk – did not have resources to rebuild their lives. Migration in search of labor started from the coastal districts. … Continue reading

Promoting Joint Management of Forests in Andhra Pradesh

The practice of joint forest management through forest protection committees – Van Samrakshana Samitis (VSS), as they are called in Andhra Pradesh, faced some practical challenges with the conclusion of the first phase of funding by the World Bank in September 2000. The AFPRO-SDC project to better the relationship between forests and the people (operational since 1998) took this as a learning ground; all 14 local partners under the project were able to sustain the interests of the 120VSS. … Continue reading