Empowering Communities by creating access to safe drinking water and sanitation

An estimated 37.7 million Indians are affected by waterborne diseases annually and 1.5 million children die of diarrhea, creating an immense need to provide access to safe drinking water and sanitation. Further, since drinking water infrastructure is poorly maintained, the availability of adequate drinking water is another challenge. With 79% of the 21 million in Chhattisgarh who reside in rural areas at risk, ‘Multi – District Assessment of Water Safety (M-DAWS) Project in Chhattisgarh’, ‘Water Quality Surveillance & Mitigation’ and ‘Capacity Building and Mitigation measures of drinking water hand pumps (HP)’ are three programmes specifically designed to address these issues. … Continue reading

Hydrogeological Investigation of the Nyoil river basin

Groundwater development has rapidly expanded in the six decades since independence meeting the drinking and irrigation requirements, especially of the rural population. However, the hydro-geological conditions which favor the development of groundwater are complex and understanding the intricacies involved can assist in scientific and sustainable development of groundwater. Supporting the scientific development of groundwater, a study titled ‘Geohydrological Investigation in Nyoil river basin, Tamil Nadu’ was commissioned by the Government of Tamil Nadu in 1971. We were invited to contribute to this study in 3550 sq km of the Nyoil river basin. A collaboration, support and guidance from the Central … Continue reading

Working towards making Gram Panchayats Drinking Water Secure

Population projections (2050) reflect an Indian population well over the 1.5 billion mark. With utilizable water resources in India – surface or groundwater – more or less constant, there is growing concern that several regions in India will progress towards being ‘Water Stressed’ and eventually ‘Water Scarce’. This concern increases in the peninsular states, where groundwater has developed under complex hydro Geo thermal conditions and restoring it to its potential a challenge. In addition to this, an increase in water quality affected habitations and the impact of climate change on groundwater and its overall vulnerability is also a cause of … Continue reading

Advocating the cause of Participatory Monitoring of Groundwater

Groundwater is the single most important resource in the country. Meeting the demand of water for drinking and irrigation, its sustainability is increasingly being affected by unrestrained use of the resource. With groundwater levels, declining across the country, the National Aquifer Mapping and Management Programme (NAMMP) has been specially designed to draw attention towards the management of groundwater. Its underlying focus is on ‘Groundwater Management’, a shift from the previous emphasis of ‘Groundwater Development’. Known as Participatory Groundwater Management, engagement of local communities in groundwater monitoring is a component of the recommended approach. Participatory Groundwater Monitoring has been successfully piloted … Continue reading

Creating water assets for tribal families

The National Water Policy, and Article 24 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (ratified by the Government of India) accord high priority to access to safe drinking water. We have supported an initiative of a non state actor to improve access to safe drinking water in a highly tribal dominated area. Extending support to objectives of the Government of Odisha, access to ‘safe’ drinking water in 13 villages of Gajapati district, Odisha is ensured through construction of diversion based channels in combination with water purification systems and distribution networks. A highly undulating and hilly topography were challenges … Continue reading

Enabling Decentralized Rural Water Supply and Sanitation: Jalswarajya and Aaple Pani

Maharashtra is the first state in the country to launch a major initiative of a state-wide policy for reforming Water Supply and Sanitation Sector in the state. ‘Jalswarajya Project on Rural Water Supply and Sanitation and Aple Pani’ were two programmes which envisaged deepening of decentralization processes up to the lowest level of Panchayati Raj Institutions, so that Gram Panchayats could plan, design, construct and manage their own water and sanitation facilities. Partnering with the Government of Maharashtra – World Bank, we have built capacitates of a range of stakeholders (District & Block teams, Support organizations, Para-professionals Technical Service Providers … Continue reading

Integrated approach for delineating potential zones to explore for groundwater in the Seethanagaram Mandal of Vizianagaram District, Andhra Pradesh, India

Hydrogeomorphological, hydrogeological and geophysical investigations were carried out in the Seethanagaram Mandal of Vizianagaram district, Andhra Pradesh to delineate the potential zones for groundwater exploration. The study area is underline by Archean group of rocks. The satellite images were examined based on visual interpretation and the study area was divided into several geomorphological units and hydrogeomorphological map have been prepared. The findings from the study include the occurrence of groundwater in weathered and fractured zones. Based on the above geomorphological and hydrogeological inference promising zones were demarcated for carrying out detailed Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES). An interactive interpretation of the … Continue reading

Studying Socio-Economic Condition of Inhabitants of the Wakal River Basin

Wakal river basin in Rajasthan has been selected by GLOWS as one of the three river basins i.e. Pastazain Peru, Wakal in India, and Mara in Kenya/Tanzania from three critical regions (South America, Asia and Africa) for the study of water resources and for identifying site-based activities that seek to foster sustainability through the development and implementation of integrated technical, economic, organizational, and political approaches to water resource management. AFPRO supported ADP Navprabhat of World Vision by conducting the study. The key components of the study included the data collection and analysis of the socio-economic conditions of the inhabitants of … Continue reading

Study on Restoration of Dying Lakes

Surface water in India is broadly grouped in what is known as wetlands. Lakes although a small component of wetlands in the country, occupy approximately 7.25 lakh ha. However, unplanned development in the catchments of these lakes can be singled out as the most important factor contributing to the decline of these water bodies in the country, especially drastic reduction in storage capacities. In collaboration with a local NGO working in Jodhpur district of Rajasthan, a study titled ‘Study on restoration of lakes’ was designed for the restoration of the Balasamand Lake in Jodhpur. The technical study included an assessment … Continue reading

Concurrent Evaluation of Nirmal Gram Puruskar (NGP)

Nirmal Gram Puruskar’s (NGP) have for long been associated with recognition of substantial strides made in sanitation and hygiene practices. They have served as drivers, motivating local communities including schools, etc to construct and use sanitation facilities; and adopt both individual and community level hygienic practices. Supporting the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation in its endeavor to assess achievement of NGP worthy targets, AFPRO extended its technical support through evaluations in the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Outcomes from the study included identification of Nirmal Gramas as well as AFPRO has drawn crucial learning about … Continue reading