Watershed Programmes have evolved in India, since its inception in the 1970’s. The evolution is in terms of the scope of the programme and approaches adopted in designing, planning and implementation. A recent addition to Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is the component of Monitoring, Evaluation, Learning and Documentation (MELD). Supporting Vasundhara Watershed Development Agency in executing MELD, we are monitoring and evaluating the watershed programmes implemented by Water Conservation Department in 4 lakh hectares. The watersheds are under the following phases of implementation – Preparatory Phase, Watershed Works Phase and Consolidation and Withdrawal phase and are located in Ahmadnagar, Pune and Solapur districts. As an MELD agency, key responsibilities include the establishment of an MELD system, concurrent monitoring (process and progress monitoring and facilitation of community based monitoring), periodic evaluations (phase wise evaluations and impact assessments) and learning and documentation (thematic studies and case studies). This support is extended to Village Watershed Development Committees (VWDC), Project Implementation Agency (PIA), and Watershed Development Teams (WDT) at the block and district level.