Surface water in India is broadly grouped in what is known as wetlands. Lakes although a small component of wetlands in the country, occupy approximately 7.25 lakh ha. However, unplanned development in the catchments of these lakes can be singled out as the most important factor contributing to the decline of these water bodies in the country, especially drastic reduction in storage capacities. In collaboration with a local NGO working in Jodhpur district of Rajasthan, a study titled ‘Study on restoration of lakes’ was designed for the restoration of the Balasamand Lake in Jodhpur. The technical study included an assessment of the natural and man made drainage systems of the lake, topography, diversion channels and land use. An analysis of other aspects such as run-off, silt and debris in the drainage, and water quality were also taken up as part of the study. Special attention to declining social ownership of water bodies was also drawn as part of the study. Recommendations include a stake holder forum, lining of water course to reduce canal seepage, designing and implementing “water-free” mining, regeneration of vegetative cover, developing a desert garden in the lake’s indirect catchments etc. However, attention to the long tern nature of restoration efforts has also been drawn.