Access to ‘Safe’ Drinking Water and Sanitation also plays an important role in improving quality of lives. Even though National Rural Drinking Water Security Programme (NRDWSPP) emphasizes on the need to ensure every village is drinking water secure, availability of adequate and safe drinking water at the household level, community based management of these systems, and sustainability of sources that support them continue to be a challenge. The collaboration with Monsanto Fund is an effort to improve quality of life through Integrated Development of Water Resources in 25 villages of Maharashtra.
The main goal of the programme is to improve the quality of lives of people with distress through adoption of integrated approaches for Water Conservation, Sanitation and Women Empowerment. These are achieved through increasing rural household access to improved and sustainable drinking water, institutionalizing community led operation and maintenance of water supply schemes, establishment of water quality monitoring systems, increasing household access to improved sanitation services, formation and strengthening of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and Convergence with the local government.
The National Rural Drinking Water Programme accords a special mention to provision of ‘safe’ drinking water in Water Quality affected habitations. In areas affected by high ‘Total Dissolved Solids’, access to adequate and ‘safe’ drinking water is ensured through introduction of infrastructure creation/renovation in the form of Water treatment plants and piped water supply networks. Sustainability of Drinking Water Sources is a major concern, to address which efforts are being made. Reverse Osmosis (RO) is being demonstrated as a technological solution.
The Swatch Bharat Abhiyan formerly known as the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan emphasizes on household access to sanitation. Financial support from a Corporate, a local bank and convergence with a flagship government programme is relied on to bridge the household divide.
Micro enterprise development (Goat rearing, mini dal mill, Grocery shop) through Self Help Groups (SHGs) is improving livelihoods, especially of women, enabling communities to contribute to management of their drinking water infrastructure.